Studies & research


PureFlow Sport: A New Innovation in Sports Technology

External counterpulsation (ECP) therapy is the use of sequential inflation and deflation of cuffs on the
legs and buttocks in coordination with the heart output to create a strong retrograde counter-pulse
in the arterial system. This counter-pulse forces freshly oxygenated blood toward the coronary
arteries while simultaneously increasing the volume of venous blood return to the heart under
increased pressure...

The multicenter study of enhanced external counterpulsation (MUST-EECP): effect of EECP on exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and anginal episodes.

Enhanced external counterpulsation reduces angina and extends time to exercise-induced
ischemia in patients...

Left Ventricular Systolic Unloading and Augmentation of Intracoronary Pressure and Doppler Flow During Enhanced External Counterpulsation.

EECP unequivocally and significantly increases diastolic and mean pressures and reduces systolic pressure in the central aorta and the coronary artery. Coronary artery flow, determined by both Doppler and angiographic techniques, is increased during EECP. The combined effects of systolic unloading and increased coronary perfusion pressure provide evidence that EECP may serve as a potential mechanical assist device. [Read]

Improved Exercise Tolerance following Enhanced External Counterpulsation

EECP therapy thus appears to exert a ‘training’ effect, decreasing peripheral vascular resistance and the heart rate response to exercise. [Read]

Improves Exercise Tolerance, Reduces Exercise-Induced Myocardial Ischemia

EECP treatment improves exercise tolerance and reduced myocardial ischemia by
thallium scintigraphy in association with improved LV diastolic filling[Read]

Sequential external counterpulsation increases cerebral and renal blood flow

SECP significantly increases carotid and renal blood flow. This noninvasive, harmless treatment may be useful to support patients with decreased cerebral and renal perfusion. [Read]